An assessment of municipal solid waste management in the city of Mzuzu, Malawi
M.P.M. Chinyama 1 and A. Madhopa 2
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 5 pp. 40-49
This report describes the results of a study which was carried out to assess the municipal solid waste in the city of Mzuzu . The main objective of the project was to establish a database of the present situation regarding the types, volumes, sources and management methods of municipal solid waste with the view of mapping out strategies for handling these waste using environmentally sound management methods.
This study focused on the following topics: major categories of solid waste, their weights and volumes; other important waste characteristics such as water content, density and calorific value; and the present situation of solid waste management in the city of Mzuzu . It is evident from the results that waste storage, collection and disposal are big challenges at the moment in the city of Mzuzu .
Irrespective of the reasons, the solid waste which is collected by the city council contains a very high proportion of organic substances (about 90%) and less recycled materials. The calorific value of the waste is relatively low, about 3930 Kcal/kg on average and the average moisture content is 58% in the wet season and 52% in the dry season.
1,2 UNIVERSITY OF MALAWI , THE POLYTECHNIC, PRIVATE BAG 303, CHICHIRI, BLANTYRE 3, MALAWI .